السبت، 20 مارس، 2010

Internet





Internet more freedom from other media because everyone can write from anywhere in the world. In Oman there are many web sites some for government institutions, business, culture, newspaper and for discussion. Discussion sites are most popular website in Oman and the popular site called "sablate Oman". In this site every one can discuss about many subject and special local subject. Also, in this site discuss very transparency and freedom. Also, in discussion sites get opinion and other opinion. But there are censorship by internet. For example what happened to Ali AL Zeaidia when he allow to publish article about corruption in Omantel in "sablate Oman" after that manger of Omantel present complaint to police and Ali prison . I think that oppress to freedom. Also, that happened to Tayba AL Maiwaly because she writes about Political reform. Also, there is other problem is used internet in Oman there are 10% used internet from population. This percent is very few and effect by effect of internet in Oman social. The must develop internet serves in all regions.

The media in Oman is not good and need to change and develop. I think the first steps to develop media change law because Restrict freedom. Also, must change afraid journalist to Protection. Must from government encourage create new media institution and decrease from high cost. The must develop media in Oman to play role to develop in Oman.

Newspaper

Newspaper
Newspaper called “fourth authority” in most country. It’s discussed impotent subject for people and issues more than other type of media. Newspaper in Oman don’t play same role newspaper in most country because law and Self-censorship.
In Oman there are four daily newspapers by Arabic language. It are Oman, ALwatane, ALshabiba and azamne. Also, there are English newspaper but, it’s not popular because language and it’s for Indian in Oman. Also, there is weekly newspaper and in most this newspaper has specific subject such as ALmaliab for sport and Ashrahet for culture.
Most of newspaper in Oman for The private sector But the direction for this newspaper same of government newspaper. The reason law, Self-censorship and relationship between government and newspaper Editor and this relationship Control by useful between them. Newspaper get money from government advantages and government get beautiful picture in newspaper. The result newspaper Weak Not Criticizes government and most area in newspaper to advantages.
The law Restrict freedom and effect by newspaper. Newspaper can’t discuss about many subject because law. For example Hereditary rule, Racism in Oman, freedom in Oman, ect.
The Self-censorship effect in level of newspaper writer afraid from write in subject government don’t like discuss in it. For example story happened with journalist woke with Oman observe write report about Kidnapping three Indian woman from Muscate airport but the editor Rejected publish report because he afraid from government angry. Also, in Oman newspaper don’t has Credibility In write for example ALsabiba editor write about healthy of monastery and didn’t play role for decrease H1N1 and after one day write Article thanks healthy of monastery for role to decrease H1N1. What the reason for change opinion in one day!!!!? We can call that lack of credibility. Also, in other issues didn’t talk about Trafficking in human beings trafficking in human beings before government Reply to Americana report. So, when talked about that write same opinion government without Credibility and transparent. Also, there are relationships between government and editor newspaper and this relationship sometime don’t formula it’s verbal. For example what happened with Mohammed AL Riame when talked in ALalam channel in program about freedom in Oman before that Mohammed write in Oman newspaper daily article called Ashraket but when talked with ALalam channel the editor didn’t publish article Mohammed and Prevention from write in newspaper. In report for “reporter without Border” talked about Matter verbal to editor newspaper to don’t publish articles Mohammed AL-Ruami but he new writes in internet. The government used Matter verbal because can’t use law because not there any item Prevent same Mohammed status from write.
There are future challenge and the first challenge is law I think the must change this law and other challenge will solve. Also, must change purposes of government from media.

TV and Radio


TV and Radio
TV and radio more popular than other type of media. Also, audience use TV
more than other media
In Oman there are three channel Oman, second program and Majane. Two channel for government and one for private sector. Second program is sport channel it has special audience from young like sport. Majane channel is specific channel and this channel show drama and songs and some mass program but for songs and not useful things. In this channel not there news and discuss program important for citizen. So, don't show document program, political and religious programs.
Oman channel is best channel in Oman but it has a lot of things negatives. Omani watch foreign channel more than Omani channel. The discuss program in Oman channel are very bore and not there transparency. For example Shean AL seah this is political program and discuss about political issues but it few discuss about local issues and the subject for local issues are national day, 23julay and vest HM to country. It's don't talk about local issues important to Omani for example freedom in Oman and relationship between Oman and Israel.
Omani watch news in Oman channel went to know government and local news because not there any TV channel shows Oman news.
Document program best than other program in Oman channel. In good step channel show every week in Wednesday at 9:10 pm document program about Oman and this program new and very interesting. I think that active developed.
Entertainment program in Oman channel are good but need more dovlope. Oman channel show dram, songs and films. But not there mass program and this impotent.


I think Oman channel need more develop and increase from freedom and transparency. The channel must discuss local issues by transparency and trustiness. The channel must be to Omani and change purpose satisfaction government to satisfaction Omani to be best channel with Omani.
To develop TV in Oman must change law and allow to special channels to broadcast because new must pay 250,000 O.R to information of ministry and this very high cost and there are a lot of terms all this restrict from freedom of media in Oman.
In Oman there are radio channels more than TV channels. Radio channels in Oman features by songs most time broadcast songs and program about songs. Also, most mass program about songs and this very negative things. But the good things in radio there are other type from program for example traditional program such as " Kaser Alrahmani". Also, there are mass program about problems of citizen with government but it record cell of citizen and don't broadcast cell live. Also, radio has same problem of newspaper and TV. Freedom not there in Omani radio for example Abdullah AL Harithy was worked with radio to write story for radio drama but when talked in program about freedom in Oman in ALalam channel after that prevents from worked with radio and any omani media. Radio has same challenge of newspaper and TV.

Media in Oman


Media is one of the many communicational tools that can send information or events around the world to people and can affect them . Sometimes it is called (The Forth since it has to do with the common main storm ). Media in Oman like any media in the other counters has long story and levels of development. In this essay, I will cover in further details about mass media in Oman in the past, current state of Oman, and the challenges of mass media in Oman.

Media in Oman in the past was very limited and it was very simple rather primitive. In my opinion, people at that time didn’t have the access to information equally; some people had radio at home and some didn’t, so this was a barrier for them. After HM Sultan Qaboos started ruling Oman, the media started and the first type of media was Radio. There was only one radio station in Muscat and which was then developed and another one was opened in Salalah. In 1974,The first Omani station started broadcasting in Muscat.

Mass media in Oman now is totally different than before because it faced lots of changes that made it consides with the new media era . .These changes are for example, kinds or sorts of programmed that are broadcast, hour for broadcasted and the sorts of newspaper that are publish every day. All these things enable the mass media in Oman to have a good reputation between watchers, readers , listeners and society . Moreover, government seeks to a achieve more good performance . These changes are identified here step by step.

The mass media programs is shown in different stations whether they are reading, listening and watching have many private objectives for person or even for society. There are many great programs that aim to make the individual and society more sensible and knowledgeable about what is happening around the world. For example, a TV program called(Here Is Oman, presented by Khalid AL-Zadjali) .It shows events and activities that happen in Oman. Also it discusses some things that are important for the citizens and the society. Moreover, there are another program that T.V shows which is called (Good morning Oman) that discusses some world issues and changes points of views and it then makes people and society more close to the events that occur around the world. All of those programmes prove that media in Oman has completely changed. The Sultanate not only improved the sort of programmes, but also built new studios and opened new channels. Most of these channels care for the Omani youths because they are the largest category between the Omani people. Furthermore, these channels contain different programms and sections that are appropriate with this large category . we do not forget or ignore the radio station courtesy of the programs that has a role in community service. For example, program (Marahib)is very well known between people because it discusses the issues that face the citizens. That program makes a link between the government and the citizens. Journalism is the important part in mass media in Oman that covers the national and international events around the world in order to support the mass media in Oman. In 1997 , Oman press and publish establishment was established by the Royal Decree No 43/97 . It has financially and administratively independent and that financial consider general financial. This institution produces two newspapers (Oman and Oman observer) and some other magazines . Also their are another newspaper and magazines for private sector like: Al Watan newspaper and Shabiba.


Mass media in any country in the world is always surrounded by a number of setbacks. Media in Oman as any other country has such challenges. First of all, media does not have freedom to tell the audience the reality and what exactly occurs in the world. Thus the law of press and establishing which issued by the Royal Decree 48/84 states that the press publishing that is produced by the ministries and the general institutions must be monitored by the Ministry of Information .In this way, media in Oman lacks the freedom that enables it to express the various events freely with no constrains. For example, news are not allowed to say much abut the political documents, situations or even matters. They also are not allowed to criticize His Majesty anymore. The second challenge is the financial support from the government. This means that media in Oman is in demand of having a financial support. This is so important in order to build new studios, run new programmes, and to establish a numbers of channels that include so many programmes in different fields of knowledge. In my point of view, media with no financial support is no longer a capable media. In this aspect, Ministry of Media should do as possible as it can do to provide media, with it’s different branches, the essential economic supply. This is a great process in the way of developing the mass media so that it coincides with the changes in the international media in the world wide. The third issue that the mass media faces is the way that people see this media. Sometimes, they are not aware of the importance of the media in their life. For example, Darayish programme does not discuss the problems that relate to the society which led it to be criticized. In this way, what I think is that government has to deal with this issue by enlighten people what the importances of mass media are. No one can ignore the prominent role that the media plays nowadays. A good example that shows how people pay no attention for media is most of people do not watch daily news neither the local nor the international one.
To sum up, mass media in Oman has totally changed to the best by the righteous orders of HM Sultan Qaboos. It passes through several stages and levels until it stands as it is now. Many programmes, newspapers, and channels have been produced because of the improvements in media in Oman.